Harold Rollin Wanless

Harold Rollin Wanless

Male 1898 - 1970  (71 years)

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  • Name Harold Rollin Wanless 
    Born 5 Dec 1898  Chicago, Cook Co, Illinois, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Gender Male 
    Census 1920  Chicago, Cook Co, Illinois, USA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • with mother, age 21
    GRAD 1923 
    Princeton University with a doctorate in geology 
    • B.S. 1920, M.A. 1921, Ph.D. 1923.
    Census 7 Apr 1930  Urbana, Champaign Co, Ilinois Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • (ED 76 pg ) 704 South McCullough
      Wanless, Harold R. hd, 31, first md at 27, b. Illinois, father b. Colorado, mother b. Illinois, owns house worth $8,000, has radio, teacher at university, not a veteran
      , Grace wife, 28, first md at 25, b. England, father b. France, mother b. England, immig. 1904, naturalized
    Occupation 1923-1967  Urbana, Champaign Co, Ilinois Find all individuals with events at this location 
    professor of geology at the University of Illinois 
    • Holding at the Univ. of Illinois Archives include:
      «i»"Papers of Harold R. Wanless (1898-1970), professor of geology (1929-67), including correspondence, reports, manuscripts, photographs, publications, course materials, research data, maps and financial records relating to stratigraphy and sedimentation of carboniferous rocks of North American and Australia; Pennsylvanian geological formations; regional lithofacies studies; cyclical sedimentation; interpretation of aerial photography; academic work at Princeton (1916-24); field work, conferences and publications of the Illinois and Kentucky State Geological Surveys; paleontology; paleozoic glaciation; Division of General Studies courses in the physical sciences; research, dissertations, placement and publications of graduate students; administration of the Geology Department; service on committees of geological societies; international geological congresses (1933-60); meetings and conferences; visiting lectureships and sabbatical leaves; research grants; consulting services; bibliographies and publications. Organizational files include material relating to the AAAS, the Geological Society of America, the Illinois State Academy of Sciences and Sigma Xi."«/i»
      Finding aid list says boxes include photos of Harold in 1938, 1955.

      «u»Summary of Professional Career«/u»
      University of Illinois, Department of Geology, 1923 to present.
      Successively, Instructor, Associate, Assistant Professor, Associate Professor, Professor.
      Acting Chairman, 1946-47; Director of University Field Camp, 1950, 1951.
      University of Michigan. Member of summer field camp staff at Camp Davis, Jackson,
      Wyoming, summers of 1945, 1946, 1947.
      Illinois State Geological Survey. Summer field work at intervals since 1925; Consultant on
      Pennsylvanian stratigraphy
      United States Geological Survey. Geologist WAS, 1954 to present; Concerned with preparation
      of paleotectonic folio of Pennsylvanian system.
      National Science Foundation. Holder of research project grant for study on environmental
      mapping of Pennsylvanian strata, mapping each unit of a sequence, 1963-65
      United States Coast and Geodetic Survey. Cooperative project with University of Illinois on
      study of coastal changes revealed by successive dates of aerial photography, 1964 to
      Senior Fulbright Research Fellow to University of Sydney, Australia, 1958-59, for study of late
      Paleozoic glacial deposits of Australia.
      Teaching: Currently graduate courses in Sedimentation, Advanced Dynamic Geology,
      Advanced Historical Geology, Photogeology, Pennsylvanian Geology; Undergraduate
      course in Field Methods; Formerly Elementary Physical Geology, Agricultural Geology,
      Physical Science, Geologic History of Vertebrates, Geology of Upper Mississippi Valley,
      Geologic Maps.
      Research: Pennsylvanian Geology of Illinois, Appalachian Basin, Southwestern United State;
      Cyclic Sedimentation; Environmental Mapping of Paleozoic Strata; Late Paleozoic glaciation; South Dakota Oligocene; Stratigraphy of Northwest Wyoming; Geologic
      Photo-interpretation, especially of coastal changes.
      Offices: Illinois State Academy of Science, President, 1938-39
      Sigma Xi, President Illinois Chapter, 1964-65
      University of Illinois Committee on Aerial Photography, Chairman, 1962-64
      Consultant, at times, to three major oil companies and two gas storage companies.

      «i»«b»See Univ. of Illinois archive for list of publications.«/b»«/i»
    Died 3 Jun 1970  St. Joseph, Champaign Co, Illinois Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Alt. Death 15 Jun 1970 
    • SSDBI:
      5 Dec 1898
      15 Jun 1970
      61801 (St Joseph, Champaign, IL)
      (No Location Given)
      Illinois (Between 1954 and 1955)
    Obituary 8 Mar 1971  Urbana, Champaign Co, Ilinois Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
      Harold Rollin Wanless joined the staff of the Department of Geology of the University of
      Illinois in 1923. He was born in Chicago, December 5, 1898, the son of William and Rhoda
      Tanner Wanless. After graduation from Robert Waller High School in Chicago, he entered
      Princeton University on a scholarship and received the B. S. degree in 1920 and was appointed
      to a fellowship in the Princeton Graduate School. He received the M.A. degree in 1921 and the
      Ph.D. in 1923. He came to the University of Illinois in 1923 as an instructor and rose through
      the ranks of associate, assistant professor, and associate professor to a professorship in 1946. He
      was Chairman of the Department during the academic year 1946-47. Although he became
      professor emeritus in 1967, his research and publications not only continued but even increased
      until shortly before his death on June 3, 1970, in his 72nd year.
      He married the former Grace Rogers in 1926 and she together with a son, Harold Rogers
      Wanless, now completing his work for the Ph.D. in geology at The John Hopkins University,
      and a grandson, David survive.
      Professor Wanless' earlier work on the Tertiary rocks of the Badlands region in South
      Dakota resulted in two monographic reports. However soon after coming to Illinois, he began
      studies of the Paleozoic rocks of Illinois, particularly the late Paleozoic (Carboniferous -
      Pennsylvanian) rocks which contain the large coal deposits. He extended his work on these
      rocks from Illinois to adjoining states and then to all parts of North America and eventually to
      the study of these coal-bearing rocks in Europe and Australia. His interest was primarily their
      origin, petrographic character, and the repetitive cycles they exhibited. His theories of cyclic
      sedimentation and of the environment in which the rocks were deposited gained world-wide
      acceptance and acclaim. He was invited to national and international conferences to discuss his
      findings. His publications include more than 100 journal articles and seven books, several of
      which are now basic reference works.
      In addition to his wide-ranging work of the coal-bearing rocks, he made significant
      contributions in the fields of glacial geology, geomorphology, sedimentary petrology and
      paleontology. He was one of the earliest geologists to use air photographs and soon became a
      leader in the field of photo-geology. He was widely sought as a consultant by mineral industry
      companies, but (which some thought a bit quixotic) accepted very few such invitation because it
      would take him away from his work with students and joint research with them.
      Professor Wanless was President of the Illinois academy of Science in 1938, Senior
      Research Fellow in Australia in 1958-59, President of U.I. Chapter of Sigma Xi in 1964-65,
      Distinguished Lecturer of the American Association of Petroleum Geologists in 1956, and an
      invited lecturer at the British Association for the Advancement of Science in 1967 and at the
      Sixth International Carboniferous Congress in England in 1967. He was a member of several
      international geological congresses, in which he took active part in sessions and field excursions.
    Biography 2013  Champaign, Champaign Co, Illinois, USA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • Harold R. Wanless
      1898 to 1970

      Harold R. Wanless
      Paternal, kind, and enthusiastic, with a gifted memory and an encyclopedic knowledge of Pennsylvanian rocks, Harold Wanless, with wife Grace, was a legend in his own time. Born in Chicago in 1898, Wanless lost his father in the San Francisco earthquake of 1906. His mother, Rhoda, who was a nature study teacher, brought him up alone. Her success shows in his advanced degrees-B.S., M.S., and Ph.D.'97all at Princeton University. From his early years, he was skilled as a photographer. His M.S. thesis contained 123 superb photo graphic plates. In later years, he would publish on the geologic use of photos. His final career effort was Our Changing Shorelines with Francis P. Shepard in 1971, published posthumously.

      His early years involved field work in the South Dakota badlands. After receiving his doctorate in 1923, Wanless joined the faculty at the University of Illinois to begin a lifetime career. From 1925 on, Wanless was commonly employed the Illinois State Geological Survey during summers as a field researcher. In this capacity, he immediately began mapping Pennsylvanian rocks for the Survey. At the same time, J. Marvin Weller started a long career at the Survey and began collecting Pennsylvanian fossils. Working together, Weller and Wanless soon recognized the cyclical nature of Pennsylvanian sedimentation whereupon they began to trace the cycles throughout Illinois and adjacent states. Eventually, they named them "cyclothems", a term and concept now accepted worldwide.

      Among his many students, the weekend field trips led by Wanless were legendary. Tales of their experiences live on. A total teacher, Wanless, nevertheless, found time to be a highly productive researcher. Among his more than 150 reports, several were major Survey publications, including Bulletin 57, Geology and Mineral Resources of the Alexis Quadrangle, in 1929, and Bulletin 82, Geology and Mineral Resources of the Beardstown, Glasford, Havana, and Vermont Quadrangles, in 1957. Other important reports include Pennsylvanian Faunas of the Beardstown, Glasford, Havana and Vermont Quadrangles (Reports of Investigations 205, 1958) and Classification of the Pennsylvanian Strata of Illinois with R.M. Kosanke, J.A. Simon, and H.B. Willman (Reports of Investigations 214, 1960).

      During his 44-year career at the University of Illinois, Wanless taught physical geology, vertebrate paleontology, sedimentology, sedimentary petrology, and a meticulous course on field geology and geological maps. In addition, he was founder of the first University of Illinois Geology Field Camp and was its director from 1944 to 1951. Such a career could have covered several lifetimes. In view of that, his major contributions to research at the Survey are amazing.
      Honored by:
      University of Illinois Department of Geology (Stephen Marshak, Chair) and Ralph L. Langenheim, Jr.
      Citation Contributed by:
      Charles W. Collinson

      Source: the website of the Illinois State Geological Survey
    Person ID I1455  3: George Wanless & Mercime Riddell of Yetholm, Roxburghshire, Scotland
    Last Modified 25 Apr 2016 

    Father William "Will" Frank Wanless,   b. Jun 1870, Denver, Arapahoe Co, Colorado, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Aft Dec 1904  (Age ~ 34 years) 
    Mother Rhoda Ellin Tanner,   b. 5 Mar 1867, Washington Co, New York Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 17 May 1928, Glendale, California Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 61 years) 
    Married 3 Oct 1894  Kane Co, Illinois, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [3, 4
    Family ID F58  Group Sheet

    Family Grace Rogers,   b. 9 Aug 1901, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Nov 1979, St. Joseph, Champaign Co, Illinois Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 78 years) 
    Married 1926  Illinois, USA Find all individuals with events at this location 
     1. Harold Rogers Wanless
    Last Modified 13 Jun 2003 
    Family ID F533  Group Sheet

  • Photos
    Harold Rollin Wanless (1898-1970)
    Harold Rollin Wanless (1898-1970)
    Harold Rollin Wanless, geologist
    Harold Rollin Wanless, geologist

    Engagement of Harold Rollin Wanless to Marjorie Boden, 1964
    Engagement of Harold Rollin Wanless to Marjorie Boden, 1964
    [New York Times, 14 June 1964]

  • Sources 
    1. [S79] University of Illinois (papers of Harold R. Wanless), (http://web.library.uiuc.edu/ahx/uaccard/UAControlCard.asp?RG=15&SG=11&RS=24).

    2. [S96] Death Announcement, CHICAGO TRIBUNE, 4 JUNE 1970 (INFOWEB.NEWSBANK.COM) (Reliability: 3).
      Champaign, Ill., June 3 [Special] -- Prof. Harold R. Wanless, 71, retired member of the geology faculty of the University of Illinois, died today in the Burnham city hospital in Champaign.
      Prof. Wanless joined the faculty in 1923 after receiving his doctor's degree from Princeton university, and retired in 1967. He was president of the Illinois State Academy of Science in 1938. He was born Dec. 5, 1898, in Chicago and was graduated from Waller High school there.
      He is survived by the widow, Grace, and a son, Harold, a graduate student in geology at Johns Hopkins university. Memorial services will be held Monday in the University Baptist church, Champaign.

    3. [S55] Marriage record, FHL 1480758 (Reliability: 3).
      From marriage license return for license #9515: Groom: Will Frank Wanless, 2135 Sherman Ave, Evinston (sic), lawyer, age 25 at next birthday, white, born Denver, Colorado; father George F. Wanless, mother Annie Hume; first marriage. Bride: Rhoda Ellin Tanner, 62 May St, Aurora, age 28 at next birthday, white, born Washington co, NY, father Oscar M. Tanner, mother Sarry Jane Spaulding; first marriage; married at her home in Kane co IL on 3 Oct 1894. Witnesses: O.M. Tanner, Cyrus T. Slater. Married by E.W. Shepard. Marriage Register 3, page 144.
      The marriage certificate says Will F. Wanless of Chicago, Cook co, IL. Marriage affidavit, which swears he is single, has his actual signature.

    4. [S36] Newspaper, BOOKS.GOOGLE.COM (Reliability: 3).
      The Michigan alumnus, Volumes 1-2, 1894
      By University of Michigan. Alumni Association
      W.F. Wanless, l '91, is married to Miss Rhoda G. Tanner, of Aurora, Ill. Mr. Wanless' business address is 1212 Ashland Block, Chicago.