Captain John Andrew Wanless

Captain John Andrew Wanless

Male 1836 - 1915  (~ 78 years)

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  • Name Captain John Andrew Wanless 
    Prefix Captain 
    Born Oct 1836  Charleston, South Carolina, USA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Occupation 1855  Charleston, South Carolina, USA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    fireman 
    • Charleston (SC) Courier, 16 May 1855 (GenealogyBank.com)
      The Firemen on Fire
      The Charleston Fire Engine Company paraded yesterday as Riflemen and gave a fine exhibition of the soldierly traits and qualities which characterize our Fire Dept...after parading through the city proceeded to Mount Pleasant and exercised in drill and target-firing...the target contest, on the best average of three shots, First Prize (silver cup) to John A. Wanless.
    Residence 1855  Charleston, South Carolina, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    King Street 
    • Wanless, John, Coach Maker, Hasell St, res. King St.
      -- Note John is not listed before this date, and this is the last year examined at the FHL.
    Moved Apr 1856  Atchison, Kansas Territory, USA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • Squatter sovereign., April 15, 1856, Atchison, Kansas Territory [Library of Congress, chroniclingamerica.loc.gov]
      The following young men, emigrants from South Carolina, arrived here on the steamer Martha Jewett on the 8th inst.: Messrs. Strohecker, L. Tomlinson, S.B. Woodberry, B.M. Lebby, J.H. Ashby, W. Merritt, C.G. Newhall, W.H. Jenkins, W.Dudley, J.P. Miller, J.C. Campbell, J.S. Rice, Newton Rice, J.W. Stevens, W.R. Simons, A.G. Whitney, S.C. Calder, Charles Westendoff, W. Russell, Jno. A. Wanless, J.S. Hamilton, Vincent Starr, J. Vocelle, J.B. Askew, Wallace Jackson, F.G. Palmer, R.L. Palmer, Albert Morrall, Henry Burkenvoatt, W. Franklin, L.J. Felder, A.F. Felder, A.J. Fredericks, D.F. Fredericks, John Vanderhost, G.B. Lenham, R.Y. Shelby, J.R. Quarbz, J.E. F. Ryan, Geo. Reardon, W.T.Hunt - total 42.
      This party left South Carolina on the 27th of March by the way of Augusta, Chattanooga, Nashville, and St. Louis. Their tour through a great extent of country, though full of interest, appears not to have created a moment's delay - the necessity of an early local and political influence in the Territory was the paramount end. South Carolina has, in common with her Southern sister states, embarked heartily in behalf of Kansas and Southern institutions. In every part of the State, a patriotic reference is made, either of men or money, to defend a cause against the immolations of a sacred Federal Constitution, by men who have perverted the laws of right and justice, which God has made to govern the relations of men and to prevent man from robbing his fellow man. Several parties from this State are now en route to Kansas.
      At a meeting of this party, held on board the steamer Martha Jewett, at Atchison, W.H. Jenkins Esq. was called to the chair and the following gentlemen were named a Committee to report the following Resolutions, which were unanimously adopted, viz. John Vanderhorst, J.W. Stevens, and L. Tomlinson.
      Resolved: that, as a party of South Carolinians, emigrating to Kansas under the direction of Mr. G.F. Palmer, we tender to him the sense of our warmest feelings for the gentlemanly manner in which he has conduted this party on their route, and assure him that he has our most sincere wish for his future propserity and that this is in the expression of hearts who highly esteem and respect him.
      Resolved: that we likewise express to Capt. Silver and the officers of the Martha Jewett our thanks for the courteous and gentlemanly treatment received at their hands while passengers, and we wish them many returns of successful trips.
      Resolved: that the Chair be requested to forward a copy of these Resolutions to the respective parties and to have them published in the Charleston, S.C. papers.
      -------------
      Separate articles on the same page talk about how groups of fine young men are coming to Kansas from South Carolina, mostly from Charleston, to settle in or around Atchison. Kansas was recruiting mosly southerners because they wanted to be a slave state; this newspaper is unabashedly anti-abolitionist.
      ------------------------
    Census 1857  Mt. Pleasant Twp, Atchison Co, Kansas Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • 1857 Kansas State Census, Atchison Co, Mt. Pleasant Twp Terr, page 14 [FHL 1,405,337]
      # 666 WANLESS, J.A 1 male, total 1
    Census 1860  Indianola, Soldier Twp, Shawnee Co, Kansas, USA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • 1860 KS, Shawnee Co, Soldier Twp, Indianola PO - July 23 - roll 352, p.87
      #790/703 - line 4
      Richard Hin__man 23 b. South Carolina, farmer -- name could be Hindman, Hinkleman, Hinblman; couldn't find a similar name in the index though, so first letter may also be wrong
      Emily " " 21 b. KY
      Alace " " 5/12 b. KY
      John Wanless 22 b. SC, farm laborer
      John Burns 27 b. NY
    Military 1861-1863  Co C, 2ND Kansas Cavalry (Union) Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • I (John Schulz) have his Company Muster Roll papers for Company C of the 2nd Kansas Cavalry and are able to trace some of his service via the "Regimental History" in 1862 and 1863 (http://home.kscable.com/balocca/cavalry.html.)
      His Muster papers indicate that he joined for duty on December 3, 1861 and was appointed Corpl, December 19, 1861 assigned to 1st Lieut. Hollister's Battr'y, L. Art'y. On April 23, 1862 S.O. 39 changed to Hollister's to Hopkins Battr'y, where on May 23, 1862 he was promoted to Sergeant.
      The Muster Rolls indicate he was in detached service from April 22, 1862 which I assume means on the move with his company, to December 21, 1862 where he appears on the Hospital Muster Roll at Leavenworth City. He was discharged from the hospital February 28th and ordered to report to Major Fisk. He spent April at Fort Lincoln, but returned to the hospital April 23. From the next Muster Rolls (May-November, 1863) he appears to have been in detached service recruiting at Fort Scott. He was discharged November 20, 1863 to enable him to accept a commission as Capt. Co. A, 15th Kansas Cavalry (S.O. 303).
    Military 20 Nov 1863-Jan 1864  Co. A, 15th Kansas Cavalry Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • Company A. Mustered into the service early in September [1863], and officered by Captain John A. Wanless; 1st Lieut. James Wilson, of Johnson county; 2d Lieut, D. Wallingford, of Leavenworth county. The men were enlisted in Franklin and Johnson counties, and among them were a number of Shawnees, who proved to be good and brave soldiers. [Fifteenth Kansas Volunteer Cavalry in Report of the Adjutant General of the State of Kansas, 1861-1865. Vol. 1. (Reprinted by Authority) Topeka, Kansas: The Kansas State Printing Company. 1896; search at http://skyways.lib.ks.us/skysearch.html]

      John was court-martialed and dishonorably discharged in 1865 from the 15th Kansas Calvary for mis-management of government property, horses. Apparently some horses disappeared under his "watch." As commanding officer he was held responsible. [Source: John's pension file]
    Military Service Jun 1868  Fort Sanders, Dakota Territory (now Wyoming) Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • Sacramento Daily Union, Volume 35, Number 5397, 14 July 1868
      from the Cheyenne Leader of June 29th
      A report having been circulated that owing to an accidental explosion of the magazine of a Spencer carbine, Lieutenant Wanless of the Second Cavalry at Fort Sanders, was compelled to have his arm amputated at the shoulder, it is proper to state that only one of his fingers was taken off, and that he received no other injury.
      [Library of Congress, chroniclingamerica.loc.gov]
    Residence 1870  Omaha Barracks, Omaha, Nebraska Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Census 30 Jun 1870  Columbus, Platte Co, Nebraska Find all individuals with events at this location  [3
    • (2nd on list of military men apparently at a base)
      Wanless, John A. 32, wh, 1st Lieut.- USA, b. South Carolina
    Military Service 31 Mar 1866-2 Jan 1871  2nd US Cavalry (Kansas, Wyoming, Nebraska) Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    • John enlisted in the 2nd U.S. Cavalry on March 31, 1866; was promoted to 2nd Lieutenant, Company M on April 7, 1866; was promoted to 1st Lieutenant, Company G on July 28, 1866; and was honorably discharged January 1, 1871. The pension file does briefly state where and when he served, primarily in the Wyoming Territories (Fort Sanders, Fort D.A. Russell, Fort Laramie) during the Indian Wars, with stints in Leavenworth and Omaha Barracks, and Kansas. He was injured during an engagement June 13, 1868 in the Elk Mountains, Wyoming. His Spencer carbine apparently blew up, severely injuring his right hand and injuring his face. This is the basis on which his invalid pension was based.

      From his court martial file (Fold.com):
      Page 161 says he was at Fort Leavenworth in May 1866 to Aug 1866; then en route to and from Fort Sanders WY, commanding escort protecting the Overland Stage Road in May to Aug 1867; then at Fort Laramie WY to Oct 1867; at Fort D.A. Russel WY, on leave 1 Jan to Feb 29 1868) to Apr 1868; escorting workers on railroad to June 29 1868; sick at Elk Mtn WY to July 3 1868; sick at Fort Sanders to Aug 30 1868; on sick leave and disabled per surgeon's certificate to Feb 1869; at Fort D.A. Russell to Apr 1869; at For Laramie to Sep 29 1869 (on scout 29 Jul to 2 Aug 1869); in the field to Dec 1869; at Omaha Barracks NE to Apr 1870; at Looking Glass Creek NE to Jun 1870; in the field at Shell Creek to Nov 1870; at Omaha Barracks NE to Jan 1 1871 when he honorably mustered out with a year's pay.
    Census 1890  Cleveland, Cuyahoga Co, Ohio Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • Veteran's Schedule, ED 26 page 2
      John Wanless, enlisted as Private, discharged as Copl.
      Company: Regulars, 2nd Regiment, Kansas Cavalry
      enlisted 3 Dec 1861, discharged 3 Jan 1871, served 9 yrs 1 month
      lives 187 Ontario (room 1) & 89 Michigan St
      disability not stated
      commissioned 2nd Cl. [or Lt?] Regulars 7 Apr 1866
      --there are several other veterans living at 187 Ontario; a later newspaper article says John manages an apartment building at that address
    Occupation 1885-1890  Cleveland, Cuyahoga Co, Ohio Find all individuals with events at this location 
    manufacturer of pillow sham holders 
    • Cleveland city directories
      1885: Wanless, John A., pillow shams, 151 Ontario
      1886: Wanless, John A., mnfr. pillow sham holders, rr. 158 Superior, r. 151 Ontario
      1888: Wanless, John A., mnfr. pillow sham holders, office 151 Ontario, r. 79 Lake
      1890:
      Wanless, John A. pillow sham holders, 187 Ontario
      Wanless, Sarah, Mrs. r. 79 Lake
    Military Pension Application 1892  Cleveland, Cuyahoga Co, Ohio Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • Invalid Pension Application #1133186, Certificate #1085963
      John Schulz has copy of pension file
    Census 1900  Cleveland, Cuyahoga Co, Ohio Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • 21st Ward, 23 Mariner St. (ED 104, sh 7B)
      Wanless, John A. head, w, m, b. Oct 1836, age 63, md 10 yrs, b. S. Carolina, father b. Scotland, mother b. Ireland, liveryman, rents house
      Mary A. wife, w, f, b. Nov 1865, age 34, md 10 yrs, 2 children, 2 living, b. Michigan, parents b. Canada (Eng)
      Edward son, w, m, b. Apr 1890, age 10, b. Ohio, father b. S.Carolina, mother Mich., school
      Helen dau, w, f, b. Mar 1897, age 3, b. Ohio, father b. S.Carolina, mother Mich.
      BUSHNELL[?], Geo.[?] boarder, w, m, Sept 1879, age 20, single, b. Ohio, parents b. Ohio, steel inspector
      , Alioz[???] O. boarder, w, f, Dec 1856, age 43, widowed, 4 kids, 4 living, b. Ohio, father b. Michigan, mother b. Ohio
    Residence Apr 1907  Cuyahoga, Ohio Find all individuals with events at this location 
    80 Euclid Ave 
    • In April 1907 he dated a letter as Room 6, 80 Euclid Ave, Cuyahoga OH; the letterhead with this address declared his businesses as "real estate & collections, notary public, broker in government scrip of all kinds, also diamonds". He mentions that this is a new address.
      [Source: court martial file, Fold.com]
    Census 1910  St. James Twp, Phelps Co, Missouri, USA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • State Federal Soldiers Home, ED 70, p. 9b
      Wanless, John A. inmate, male, white, age 73, married 21 yrs, b. South Carolina, father Scot. Scotch, mother Iri. Irish
      -- his wife is not listed with him, although many other men had wives; she is listed separately with the children in St Louis
    Court 28 May 1914  Doniphan Co, Kansas Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • Notice published in The Kansas Chief, 28 May 1914: John A. Symns, plaintiff, sued a group of people to quet the title of the plaintiff to the SW qtr of Sec 26 and all of the east half of section 27 except 5 acres, being all that part of the NE qtr of Sec 27 lying north and west of the public road running east-west through same, all in township 4 Range 20 in Doniphan Co, Kansas, containing 475 acres. Defendants include Hiram Collins & wife, if living; George Stein & wife (all of these are followed by "if living"); John A. Wanless & wife; Egbert M. Lee & wife; Butcher, Auld, and Co, a partnership; Benjamin Holliday, Charles Ohle, and several others.
    Died 4 Jun 1915  St. James, Phelps Co, Missouri, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Obituary 7 Jun 1915  St. Louis, Missouri, USA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    St. Louis Post Dispatch 
    • On Friday, June 4, 1915, Capt. John A. Wandless, beloved husband of Mary A. Wandless, dear father of Mrs. John Reinhart, Edward, and Leonard Wandless. Funeral services at Jefferson Barracks, Tuesday, June 8, at 10:30 a.m.
    Buried Jefferson Barracks Nat'l Cem, St. Louis, Missouri, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [4, 5
    Notes 
    • Need to find John in the 1850 census - should be still at home in South Carolina, on King St in Charleston. Have been trawling the census with no luck, although I've found other people known to live in the same block of King St.

      Personal info on this family from Marietta Wanless Carmichael & John W. Schulz. Family legend says he was from South Carolina and ran away from home at 16 (about 1851; however, we now know he was still in Charleston in 1855, left there in March 1856 and traveled by riverboat to Atchison, Kansas Territory, arriving in April 1856). At the start of the Civil War he was working as a scout for Buffalo Bill during the laying of the railroad in Kansas. When all hands on the job joined the blues (Union), his family disowned him and all contact was forever severed.
      John Andrew was 53 when he married Marie and 68 or 69 when Leonard was born, and lived at the Old Soldiers Home in St. James, MO where his wife Marie was head nurse. Leonard was raised in an orphan home although both parents were living.

      There are many anecdotal stories about my Great Grandfather: That he was a friend of William "Buffalo Bill" Cody (my grandmother Helen remembered being ridden around an arena at his "Wild West Show" when she was about 5); that he was a diamond merchant in Cleveland, who went broke and relocated to St. Louis to try to revive his fortune at the 1904 World's Fair. [John Schulz]

      1880 census: Not found. Tried all people named John & born abt 1836 in SC in all states. He should be in KS or OH.

      Daughter Allie's history (see her entry) says her father died when she was 3 (1867), that he graduated from West Pt and was a captain in the regular army and traveled around the west. Well...the West Pt graduates directory shows no Wanless in the right timeframe; he WAS a captain, but definitely didn't die when she was 3. In his pension file, he later says he was divorced.

      Civil War Pension index at ancestry.com shows invalid pension applied for in Ohio but can't read the date; widow's pension applied for in MO on June 18, 1915, by widow Mary A. Wanless. Service is listed as "A 15 & C 2 Kans Cav, G, K, & M 2 US Cav".

      Pension file from John Schulz: "I finally got the pension papers for John A. Wanless. They confirm that he was married and divorced from Theodosia, he had one child by that union. As he aged he apparently lost most of the use of his right hand as a result of the gun explosion injury documented in his pension file. He also injured his stomach when his horse fell on him. The reason these facts stood out was because most of the package dealt with him trying to establish disability or get disability increased as his health deteriorated (lots of doctor reports).
      Unfortunately I don't have more particularly from 1871 when he left the army until 1889 when he married my great-grandmother. He did live in Cleveland during some or at least a portion of the time. He listed as his occupation on several documents, carriage maker. A woman named Elizabeth Blackburn stated she lived with John A. and family after he left Leavenworth in 1868. John A. was assigned to Omaha Barracks in 1870. Elizabeth Blackburn's statement was an affidavit substantiating an injury he received (fall from horse) for pension purposes. The pension file only seems to include a confirmation and brief synopsis of his service record in 2nd US Cavalry, even less on his Civil War service. I wonder if we got all of his records? I was hoping for a more complete picture (some orders, his promotions, notes from Commanding Officers). Maybe what I got is all they have."

      His pension file says he married Marie/Mary in 1889 in Toronto, but there is no marriage record for them in the Toronto marriage index at Ancestry.com.

      He may also have been married to Sarah Booker in or around Cleveland, Ohio between 1885 and 1889. They shared an address for awhile and then seemed to separate in 1888-1890. We can't prove yet that the John A. who lived there from 1885-1899 is the same one who lived there in 1900 (which the census proves is this one). But what are the odds of there being 2 John A. Wanlesses in Cleveland in this period? See Sarah Booker's entry in the strays tree (100).

      Who is this? We don't know of any other Wanlesses in Kansas at this time:
      The Leavenworth Times, 14 Dec 1864, page 3 (Newspapers.com)
      Police Report - State of Kansas vs. Mary A. Wanless, for petit larceny, fined $15 and costs and sentenced to ten days imprisonment.
    Person ID I1457  3: George Wanless & Mercime Riddell of Yetholm, Roxburghshire, Scotland
    Last Modified 20 Aug 2018 

    Father Archibald Wanless,   b. 17 Jul 1798, Yetholm Parish, Roxburghshire, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Est 1841-1850, at sea between Charleston, SC and Mobile, Alabama Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 51 years) 
    Mother Margaret Moorehead,   b. Est 1798-1816, Ireland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Married 1834-1836  (probably) Charleston, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID F501  Group Sheet

    Family 1 Theodosia Elizabeth Robinson,   b. Dec 1845, Ohio Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Married 30 Mar 1864  Leavenworth City, Leavenworth Co, Kansas Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • The marriage was performed by Hiram Stoud (Stroud?), Post Chaplain and was recorded May 5, 1864. [John W. Schulz has a copy of the marriage record.]

      John A. did confirm, in a November 17, 1892 response to the Bureau of Pensions, that he "was married, now divorced," and that he was married in Leavenworth, KS. He did not mention Theodosia by name, but did confirm that he had a daughter, Mary Alice b. 1865. [per his pension file]

      Leavenworth Daily Commercial (newspaper), 24 July 1872 - Legal Notices(newspapers.com)
      In the district court of Leavenworth county, Kansas - John A. Wanless sued by Theodocia L. Wanless for divorce "because of the fault of said defendant and because of his abandonment for one year and more of the plaintiff, because defendant is guilty of gross neglect of duty toward said plaintiff, and said plaintiff will have the care, custody, and control of Mary Alice Wanless, child of said plaintiff and defendant, and defendant is forever enjoined from interfering with plaintiff in the management, custody, and control of said child. Dated 26 July 1872 at Leavenworth.
    Divorced 1872 
    Children 
     1. Mary Alice "Allie" Wanless,   b. 23 May 1865, Leavenworth City, Leavenworth Co, Kansas Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 27 Jun 1934, Kansas City, Missouri Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 69 years)
    Last Modified 18 Aug 2018 
    Family ID F508  Group Sheet

    Family 2 Marie Angelique "Mary" Arrivee,   b. Nov 1865, Michigan Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 30 May 1923, St. Louis, Missouri, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 57 years) 
    Married 5 Apr 1889  Toronto, Ontario, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location  [6
    Children 
     1. Edward Arrivee Wanless,   b. 1 Apr 1890, Cincinnati, Hamilton Co, Ohio, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 13 Jul 1976, Affton, Missouri Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 86 years)
     2. Helen Wanless,   b. 21 Mar 1897, Cleveland, Cuyahoga Co, Ohio Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 26 Aug 1976, Des Peres, Missouri Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 79 years)
     3. Leonard Arrivee Wanless,   b. 17 Feb 1904, Cleveland, Cuyahoga Co, Ohio Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Jul 1983, Phelps Co. Mem. Hosp., Rolla, Missouri, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 79 years)
    Last Modified 25 Jul 2002 
    Family ID F498  Group Sheet

  • Photos
    Captain John Andrew Wanless (1836-1915)
    Captain John Andrew Wanless (1836-1915)
    Close-up of John Andrew Wanless as an old man
    Close-up of John Andrew Wanless as an old man
    from the larger picture where he is with his son Leonard and a group of old soldiers
    Business card for John A. Wanless, pillow sham holder manufacturer, circa 1885-1888
    Business card for John A. Wanless, pillow sham holder manufacturer, circa 1885-1888
    Photo of card found on eBay for John A. Wanless, manufacturer of self-locking detachable pillow sham holders, Cleveland, Ohio. He filed patent on this device in 1882 and manufactured it until at least 1890. The address, 151 Ontario, correlates to his address in city directories from 1885 to 1888.

  • Sources 
    1. [S64] City directory - Charleston, SC, 1849-1855, (FHL book 975.7915 E4ha 1849-1855), PG 172 (Reliability: 3).

    2. [S61] Pension file of John A. Wanless.

    3. [S17] Census, MONROE PCT 2, PG 85A (Reliability: 3).

    4. [S62] Letter/email - Ellen Wilson.

    5. [S63] www.interment.net, WANLESS, JOHN A, D. 06/05/1915, PLOT: 27 0 6280A, BUR. 06/05/1915 (Reliability: 3).

    6. [S61] Pension file of John A. Wanless.
      The Declaration for Widow's Pension, filed by Mary A. Wanless on June 15, 1915, states that she (Mary A. Arrivee) and John A. Wanless were married in Toronto, Canada by Pastor Robert Beatty on April 5, 1889. He would have been about 50 and she, 21. The Pension stated that she had not been married previously, nor had he (which is incorrect).