George Wandless

George Wandless

Male 1806 - 1872  (66 years)

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  • Name George Wandless 
    Born 11 Sep 1806  Middle Herrington, Houghton-le-Spring, Durham, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Christened 5 Oct 1806  Houghton-le-Spring, Durham, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Gender Male 
    Census 1841  Hetton-le-Hole, Houghton-le-Spring, Durham, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • Pemberton Street, Hetton-le-Hole Township
      George Wandless or Wanless, 30, Coalminer
      Mary W, 30
      Elizabeth W, 10
      William W, 7
      Michael W, 4
    Occupation 1828-1842  Hetton-le-Hole, Houghton-le-Spring, Durham, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    coal miner 
    • He worked various colliery jobs: wagonman (1828, 1833), pitman (1835), coal trimmer (1837, 1842).
    IMMI 23 Oct 1846  USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [3
    • Arriving on the ship Haidee at Castle Garden, New York City:
      George Windlass, 40, farmer, from England
      Mary W, 36
      Isaac, 17, farmer
      Elizabeth, 11
      William, 10
      Michael Hope W, 8
      Elinor B., 4
      Margaret Hope W, infant

      Son Michael's later census also says he immigrated in 1846.
    Census 1850  St. Louis Twp, St. Louis Co, Missouri, USA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • 1850 Missouri, St. Louis Co, South Half of St. Louis Township, page 338; enumerated 25 Oct 1850
      George Wandels 42, m, b. England, in grocery business
      Jeremiah " " 27, m, b. England
      John Edwards 1-3/12, m, b. England
      -- everybody else on this page was a miner, mostly from England. I'm assuming Jeremiah is Jemima, with the wrong gender, since this census was taken in the month after their marriage. I have no clue who the baby is.
    Occupation 1850  St. Louis Twp, St. Louis Co, Missouri, USA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    grocer 
    Residence 1859  Gravois Diggings, Oak Hill, St. Louis Co, Missouri, USA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • See the notes on the investigation of voters living at Gravois Diggins.
    Census 1860  Carondelet Twp, St. Louis Co, Missouri, USA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • The only George in 1860 is this one:
      FHL #803656, page 950, PO Carondelet, #549-554
      George Wandless m, 23 innkeeper, personal value $500, b. England
      Bridget Hannan f, 24 b. Ireland
      He IS in the same town as William, but he should be 53, and the age is very clear on this page - of course the censustaker or copyist could have got it wrong. The fact that he is an innkeeper and Mary Jean Boyer's Gravois memoir says a man named Wandless ran a saloon there in this period argues for this to be the right George.
    Residence Abt 1860  Gravois Diggings, Oak Hill, St. Louis Co, Missouri, USA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • St Louis Post-Dispatch, 16 Mar 1948
      The Old Gravois Coal Diggins
      [a memoir by Mary Jean Boyer, telling tales told by her mother about growing up there before the Civil War - the following is excerpts; the entire article can be seen at Newspapers.com]
      ...big property owners near the Diggins were Russels, Parkers, Binghams, Christys, with the Russels in the clay mining industry...the first brickyard started by the Russels was near Morganford road...the Gravois Diggins was marked all over with coal pits and pit banks (refuse from the coal pits)...Morganford road ran through one of the old pit banks near Morganford and Meramec street. There were 2 grocery stores and 2 saloons on the Diggins during my mother's girlhood. One store was kept by a widow named Woodruff. The other store and saloon combined was kept by a German named Beck...he later became owner of a large portion of the Diggins and changed the named to Beckville. The other saloon on the Diggins was owned by a man named Wandless. Wandless was badly crippled by rheumatism. His daughter, Mrs. Moses, kept house for him.

      [I have not found a Mrs Moses in the 1860 census near George. Carondelet, where he lived in 1860, was in the immediate area of the Gravois Diggings.]
    Census 1870  St. Louis Twp, St. Louis Co, Missouri, USA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • page 395 St. Louis Twp, #97, with dau. Elizabeth Huston:
      Wandless, George 64 m, w, b. England, at home, citizen
      -- only a few pages away from both William & Michael, and Mary Wandless
    Died 6 Dec 1872  St. Louis, St. Louis Co, Missouri, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [4
    Buried St. Paul's Cemetery, St. Louis, St. Louis Co, Missouri, USA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Notes 
    • Link from George to his parents based on: we can find no other George born at the right time, his early adult years were spent in the same area as his parents lived, and he named his kids after relatives with strong naming pattern conformance. Plus he was in St Louis where his bro. Robert also went later.

      Naming pattern for George's children: 1st son after wife's father, 1st dau. after his presumed mother, 2nd son after his presumed father, 2nd dau after wife's mother, 3rd son after wife's stepfather, 3rd dau after (probably) wife's grandmother.

      3 days after George's marriage, Ann Wandless (d/o Luke) married Whitfield Burnet in the same parish.

      How is George connected to these people also in St Louis?
      Wandless, Mary 30 f, w, b. ENGL (1870 census, so b. abt 1840)
      or George who was 23 in St Louis Twp in 1860...(i.e. b. abt 1837) - which may actually be George with the wrong age recorded.

      See the entry of George who married Sarah Stanhouse; this may be the same George with another marriage.

      If this is right, Mary Errington must've died between 1846 when they arrived and 1850, when George remarried to Jemima Jones. Or is it possible that George & Mary divorced and she is the Mary Horton (sounds like Errington) who is housekeeping for William in 1870? Her age is only 2 yrs off...

      The kids are not with George in the 1850 census, except Isaac is listed with another family, although they all arrived in 1846.

      General info on the Gravois/Carondelet/Morganford/Oak Hill area where George settled can be found here:
      https://www.stlouis-mo.gov/archive/neighborhood-histories-norbury-wayman/oakhill/text20.htm
      This area was known for clay and coal mining, and George and his sons worked in these industries.

      Sons William and Michael are mentioned in this document in the US Serial Set from Heritage Quest online:
      Contesting seat of J. Richard Barrett, representative from first congressional district of Missouri. Memorial of Frank P. Blair, dated Dec 13, 1859
      Summary: Mr. Barrett won the election but Mr. Blair contested the returns, stating that he received more legal votes than Barrett and that Barrett got inmates at the naval hospital and county farm (public poor house) and foreigners who were not citizens to vote for him, and that 120+ voters out of 185 at the Gravois coal mines were not legal voters, as they were minors, non-residents, non-naturalized foreigners, persons who had voted elsewhere.. This document contains an abstract of the votes and interviews with various people. The list of voters includes George Wandless, John Maule.
      Interview with Isaiah C. Brown of Allenton, St Louis co - he was asked:
      Q: Do you know William Wandless?
      A: I know a young man of that name.
      Q: Did he vote, how did he vote, and was he entitled to vote?
      A: I do not know from my own knowledge. Mr John Davis, a resident of St Louis co, told me that Mr. Wandless voted and he was a foreigner, had never taken out his papers; that he had been several years in California and had not been in this state 12 months from his return prior to the election. Mr Wandless himself told me that he voted the national democratic ticket. Mr Wandless, I think, is English by birth.
      Q: Do you know where William Wandless was born?
      A: I do not.
      Q: How did you happen to discuss [Mr Wandless] with John Davis?
      A: We were speaking of the election results and the subject came up about an unusually large vote polled at the Gravois coal diggings. Davis thought many were foreigners without papers. Some voted on the grounds that their fathers were naturalized citizens and that they came here under age, and that Wandless was one of them.
      Interview with John Chilton on 24 Nov 1859
      Q. Do you know Michael Wandless?
      A. Yes.
      Q. Is he naturalized or of age?
      A. I believe he claims his vote by coming here under age and his father getting his papers.
      Q. Is he of age?
      A. I can't tell.
      Q. Would you judge so from his appearance?

      A. He looks so.
      Q. When did he come from California?
      A. He never was there.
      Q. The other one?
      A. William Wandles came back last fall.
      Q. How long had he been in California?
      A. About five years, I suppose.
      Interview with Robert W. Hunt
      Q. Do you know William Wandless?
      A. Yes
      Q. How long have you known him?
      A. About eight years.
      Q. Is he twenty-one years of age?
      A. I should think he was - over that.
      Q. Is he a naturalized citizen?
      A. I know that he came to this country long before he was eighteen and his father was a voter and has his papers. I have been judge of election at Gravois a great many times and have seen his papers.
      Much of the testimony was inadmissible as hearsay.
    Person ID I29  41: William Wandless & Elizabeth Smurfitt/Smurthwaite
    Last Modified 5 Apr 2016 

    Father William Wandless,   b. Abt 1772, Flatts, Chester le Street, Durham, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 8 Mar 1839, Four Lane Ends, Hetton-le-Hole, Durham, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 67 years) 
    Mother Elizabeth Smurthwaite,   b. Abt 1780, Waldridge, Chester le Street, Durham, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 10 Nov 1853, Brick Garth, Hetton-le-Hole, Durham, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 73 years) 
    Married 21 Apr 1800  Houghton-le-Spring, Durham, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [5
    Family ID F7  Group Sheet

    Family 1 Mary Errington,   b. 1806-1811, Co. Durham, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Oct 1846-1850, USA (probably St. Louis, Missouri) Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 39 years) 
    Married 3 Apr 1828  Houghton-le-Spring, Durham, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [6
    Children 
     1. Isaac Wandless,   b. 1828-1829, Hetton-le-Hole, Houghton-le-Spring, Durham, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes, date unknown
     2. Elizabeth Wandless,   b. 1830-1831, Deane House(?), Houghton-le-Spring, Durham, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes, date unknown
     3. William Wandless,   b. Abt Sep 1833, Hetton-le-Hole, Houghton-le-Spring, Durham, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes, date unknown
     4. Margaret Ann Wandless,   b. 16 Jun 1835, Hetton-le-Hole, Houghton-le-Spring, Durham, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Est Bef 1841  (Age 5 years)
     5. Michael Hope Wandless,   b. 10 Jul 1837, Hetton-le-Hole, Houghton-le-Spring, Durham, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 11 Feb 1910, St. Louis, St. Louis Co, Missouri, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 72 years)
     6. Eleanor Bell Wandless,   b. 16 Feb 1842, Hetton-le-Hole, Houghton-le-Spring, Durham, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 23 Jul 1865, Gravois Diggings, Oak Hill, St. Louis Co, Missouri, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 23 years)
     7. Margaret Hope Wandless,   b. 1845-1846, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes, date unknown
    Last Modified 6 Feb 2003 
    Family ID F491  Group Sheet

    Family 2 Jemima Jones,   b. Abt 1823, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Married 9 Sep 1850  St. Louis Co, Missouri, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [7
    Last Modified 5 Apr 2016 
    Family ID F60  Group Sheet

  • Sources 
    1. [S2] Parish register.

    2. [S2] Parish register.
      George Wandless of M. Herrington, born 11 September 1806, baptised 5 October 1806, 4th son of William Wandless Labourer native of Chester by his wife Elizabeth Smurfitt native of Chester

    3. [S30] Immigration records, CASTLEGARDEN.ORG (Reliability: 3).

    4. [S8] Death certificate or record, MISSOURI DEATH RECORDS, 1834-1910 AT ANCESTRY.COM (Reliability: 3).
      06 Dec 1872 George Wandless, widowed, 66 yrs old, born England, place of death: Oakhill, died of chron. gastritis, white, physicial A.W. Webster, undertaker Husart [or Stussel?] & Meyer, buried in St. Paul's Cemetery
      Note: his son Michael Wandless lived near Oakhill.

    5. [S2] Parish register.
      William Wanless and Elizabeth Smurfitt both of this Parish by Banns

    6. [S2] Parish register.
      George Wandless of This Parish
      and Mary Errington of this Parish
      were married in this Church by Banns
      this 3rd day of April 1828
      by me Henry A Maule, Curate
      Signed: George Wandless
      Mary Errington
      Wit. George Wilson
      William Steel

      (George Wilson appears to be a clerk as he was witness to most of the marriages over a number of pages)

    7. [S21] St. Louis, Missouri Marriages, 1804-76, VOL 05 PAGE 052 (images at ancestry.com) (Reliability: 3).
      George WANDLESS married Gamima JONES, widow of Edward Jones dec'd, both of this county, on September 11, 1850 in St. Louis County, Missouri, by Zeno Mackey, J.P.